Women more prone to HIV infection


Lack of sexual knowledge Relative to men, women are still difficult to obtain information on the prevention of AIDS is the world the fact that in most countries and regions. In many countries and regions, their socio-cultural concept of req

Lack of sexual knowledge

Relative to men, women are still difficult to obtain information on the prevention of AIDS is the world the fact that in most countries and regions. In many countries and regions, their socio-cultural concept of requiring women to play a passive role in sexual behavior and demanded women's right to sex-related matters remain unknown, women are also denied access to education and AIDS prevention training. As a result, have no access to women and girls and sex-related information, hundreds of millions of girls grow up, but for their own reproductive system, and HIV / STD transmission and prevention of literacy. Even if the schools have sex education classes, girls are not given benefits, because the girls (especially in developing countries) will be earlier than boys because of poverty and other reasons to leave the school. At the same time women and girls in access to this information will also be hesitant, because they require women to be virgins at marriage, social attitudes so that they can not learn of the sex-related matters, or else give the impression that sexually active people to leave. Women's lack of sexual health knowledge, leading to their sexual activity is high risk behaviors for HIV infection.

Biological characteristics of women

Scientists in the study of HIV found that because the body's biological structure is different for men and women caused by male and female HIV infection in the body is not the same as in patients with AIDS, women are often infected with several kinds of HIV. Compared with men, sexual contact or exposure of women to their sexual partners a greater mucosal surface. From the general sense, the semen infected with the AIDS virus, which contains a virus concentration is higher than women's sexual secretions, which makes the chances of the woman than the man passed the woman passed the man. Research shows that unprotected sexual intercourse, women's risk of HIV infection is 2 to 4 times that of men. The young women's greater biological vulnerability. Physiologically immature and inadequate quantity of cervical vaginal secretions of the shielding effect of the AIDS virus is smaller, tearing and bleeding during sexual intercourse, either because of "brutal sex" or the front of the reproductive tract defects, will become -fold increase in the risk of HIV infection. The United Nations global spread of AIDS, the report also pointed out that biology is concerned, more women than men infected with the disease, because they and their sex life during the first sexual experience more exposure to large doses of virus. Their first sexual experience is often more than their buildings, with 5 to 15-year-old men. These men might have been infected with the AIDS virus.

Women's bodies causes increased susceptibility to AIDS. Meanwhile, social attitudes, women suffering pregnancy and childbirth are normal, which in turn makes the women who birth injuries and wounds caused by lack of timely treatment, their reproductive health will be in a state of chronic bad, thereby increasing the the risk of infection.

Gender inequality

Economic relations between men and women, family structure and social culture of the power imbalance and inequality, many women do not have the ability to negotiate safe sex and sexual partners. Only in the selective relationships and sexuality, women are subjected to multiple restrictions. This inequality is manifested in:

Inequalities within the family. In general, men in social status, income, education levels, and social aspects, such as role-playing than women, this inequality has led to men and women in family relations, power imbalances, men naturally have a decision of the family of things power, while women were the existence of legal obstacles to divorce, forced marriage and a family of property ownership and control over a range of issues. Women's rights are not protected by law.

The right to education of girls can not be independent. Early marriage of girls also contributed to the family of power inequalities, and thus to increase women's susceptibility to the disease, one of the reasons. Created with older married men, between husband and wife going through, say, economic autonomy in terms of a great imbalance. In many places, due to early marriage, pregnancy, financial difficulties or domestic factors such as girls far more likely to drop out of school than boys. Education and employment prospects of this inequality is doomed frustration will continue throughout adulthood. In the primary school-age children not in school, girls in the majority. In countries with high HIV prevalence over the past 10 years, declining enrollment of girls. Survey showed that 15 to 19-year-old boys and girls, some basic knowledge on how to protect themselves from HIV infection, fewer girls than boys.

Women do not have economic autonomy. Women's economic and financial dependence on their husbands and other male relatives, superiors and the men, all these circumstances that women face may be passive at any time the risk of HIV infection.

Access to independent economic status, HIV antibody-positive women has become a particularly urgent need. Women are not economically independent, they more easily fall into poverty situation by violence, or even homeless. Of poverty would be a serious impediment to women's refusal to cooperate with the person she thinks it is dangerous to have sexual relations, they would run the risk of sexual violence or to endure unsafe sex in exchange for money, housing, food or education. 

Women are more vulnerable to HIV infection